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Publication Cover Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (SNOPR), Fossil Fuel‐Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings, Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0031
CRS expresses support for several requirements proposed in the SNOPR, responds to DOE concerns, and responds to certain specific requests for comment. Specifically: RECs are required for any renewable electricity usage claim, Off‐site renewable electricity usage and low‐cost options should be available to federal agencies, concerns with federal agencies' lack of control over off‐site renewable energy and generation at facilities generating unbundled RECs, concerns with the additionality of off‐site renewable energy and generation of unbundled RECs, concerns on the impact of purchasing off‐site renewable energy and unbundled RECs with respect to reductions in fossil fuel generation, and concerns with tracking and accounting of RECs.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 12/15/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 7


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Publication Cover UM 1690, the Implementation of HB 4126 - Voluntary Renewable Energy Tariffs (VRETs) Comments of Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) on Staff Models and Issues List
Comments by CRS on Oregon's HB 4126 - Voluntary Renewable Energy Tariff (VRET) proposal.

Author: Robin Quarrier
Date: 12/12/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 6


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Publication Cover Green-e Direct
A graphic 1-page description of the Green-e Direct option.

Author: CRS Staff
Date: 12/02/2014
Report Type: Other
Pages: 1


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Publication Cover 2013 Green-e Verification Report
In 2013 Green-e Energy certified retail sales of 33.5 million megawatt-hours (MWh), enough to power over a quarter of U.S. households for a month, or 1% of the total U.S. electricity mix. Over half of the installed wind capacity in the U.S. is participating in Green-e Energy certified transactions.

Author: CRS Staff
Date: 12/02/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 12


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Publication Cover Comments on the U.S. EPA's Clean Power Plan, Section 111(d)
CRS comments on the June 2014 Proposed Rule Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units (the Clean Power Plan "Proposed Rule"). The comments focus on integrating renewable energy (RE) and existing RE markets, instruments, and tracking systems into 111(d) compliance and state plans; accounting and potential double counting of emissions and reductions; interstate tracking of electricity and challenges for state compliance; tracking RE and avoided emissions; and verification, monitoring, enforcement and recordkeeping for RE.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 12/01/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 30


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Publication Cover REC Best Practices and Claims
An illustration of how renewable energy certificates (RECs) work to track ownership, best practices for using and claiming RECs, and a series of example claims for solar panel owners or leaseholders.

Author: Rachael Terada
Date: 10/17/2014
Report Type: Other
Pages: 1


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Publication Cover Protecting Carbon Markets From Boiler Room Activities: Overview and Recommendations for Market Participants
In 2010, reports of boiler rooms operating in carbon markets and selling emissions reduction credits (carbon offsets) as investments began to emerge out of the U.K. In 2013, CRS began work examining what investor protections are needed in carbon markets, particularly in voluntary OTC markets, and what practices market participants could adopt to regulate carbon investments and enhance protection against deceptive sales tactics. This report summarizes our recommendations, which are aimed at increasing consumer and investor protection, with broader climate policy and market-stability benefits.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 09/02/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 10


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Publication Cover Tracking Renewable Energy for the U.S. EPA's Clean Power Plan: Guidelines for States to Use Existing REC Tracking Systems to Comply with 111(d)
Existing renewable energy certificate (REC) tracking systems hold promise as an enabler of 111(d) compliance with renewable resources such as solar and wind generation. REC tracking systems, together with state policies designed to increase the production and use of renewable electricity, will provide one key to helping states reduce the carbon intensity of their power sector.

Author: Robin Quarrier, David Farnsworth
Date: 06/25/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 12


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Publication Cover Explanation of Green-e Energy Double-Claims Policy
This document is intended to articulate Green-e Energy's standard approach to resolving questions and disputes regarding the eligibility of RECs for use in Green-e Energy certified transactions or products, when multiple parties have made statements related to the environmental attributes of the REC or underlying electricity.

Author: Green-e Energy Staff
Date: 06/23/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 9


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Publication Cover Comments From CRS to the Arizona Corporation Commission's Proposed Rulemaking to Modify Arizona's Renewable Energy Standard
CRS suggests changes to the proposed revision that will reduce the potential for double counting, including rejecting Track and Monitor and Track and Record, purchasing least cost RECs or kWh, creation of a maximum conventional energy requirement, the option of mandatory upfront incentives, and others

Author: Robin Quarrier, Jennifer Martin
Date: 04/21/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 6


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Publication Cover Defining the Intangible: Renewable Energy Certificate Claims and Ownership in the Green Guide Era
As environmental commodities, renewable energy certificates (RECs) may expose their owners and traders to potentially conflicting obligations and regulations from state and federal agencies. This article in the February, 2014 issue of the ABA's Renewable, Alternative, and Distributed Energy Resources Committee Newsletter looks at claims and marketing issues with RECs after the revised FTC Green Guides were released in October, 2012.

Author: Robin Quarrier and John P. Rose
Date: 02/21/2014
Report Type: Article
Pages: 18


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Publication Cover E999/CI-13-720 In the Matter of a Commission Inquiry into Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits Used to Meet Minnesota Requirements
CRS provides comments to the Minnesota PUC on the "Notice of Comment Period on Commission Inquiry...In the Matter of Commission Inquiry Into Ownership of RECs Used to Meet Minnesota Requirements" These comments also provided a brief summary of the value of RECs in the voluntary market for renewable energy in Minnesota.

Author: Robin Quarrier and Jennifer Martin
Date: 02/07/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 6


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Publication Cover The Legal Basis for Renewable Energy Certificates
There is a strong legal basis for the use of renewable energy certificates (RECs) as instruments that represent the attributes of renewable electricity generation and are used to demonstrate renewable electricity purchasing, delivery, and use within the broader context of functioning voluntary and compliance renewable electricity markets. This document provides a summary of different selected sources on the definition and function of RECs in the U.S.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 01/31/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 9


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Publication Cover Comments on Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) Proposed Revisions to Technology & Communications Sector Sustainability Accounting Standards TC0101, TC0102, TC0103, TC0201, TC0301, and TC0401
CRS submitted comments on the Draft Standards for the Technology & Communication Sector that recommended that renewable energy certificates be retained for all claims to the use of renewable energy. CRS also supports the inclusion of emissions from purchased electricity use (scope 2 emissions) to the proposed disclosure language and guidance in all applicable SASB standards.

Author: Michael Leschke
Date: 01/02/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 3


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Publication Cover Comments on Washington State's Chapter 194-37 (Energy Independence Act
CRS comments in support of the Washington Department of Commerce's proposed addition to the Energy Independence Act (WAC 194-37-120) requiring the retirement of RECs in WREGIS, especially when they are used to comply with the Washington State renewable energy standard.

Author: Robin Quarrier
Date: 01/02/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 2


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