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Publication Cover Guidelines for Renewable Energy Claims: Guidance for Consumers and Electricity Providers
A description of how ownership of renewable energy attributes remains with the renewable energy certificate, and examples of claims issues between hosts, utilities, and owners.

Author: CRS Staff
Date: 02/25/2015
Report Type: Report
Pages: 2


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Publication Cover Navigating EPA's Clean Power Plan for Compliance With Renewable Energy
In this paper, CRS and the Regulatory Assistance Project have collaborated to help readers to understand some of the ways in which states are using renewable energy today, and appreciate how existing renewable energy compliance practices provide well-established and suitable approaches for regulators to use as part of their efforts to demonstrate compliance under the EPA's Clean Power Plan.

Author: David Farnsworth
Date: 02/11/2015
Report Type: Report
Pages: 20


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Publication Cover Supporting State Compliance With the EPA Clean Power Plan
In this paper, CRS and the Regulatory Assistance Project have collaborated to describe how the existing functionality of the regional renewable energy tracking systems can be used by states to track renewable energy and support compliance with the EPA Clean Power Plan, as well as to identify enhancements that may be needed to support state policy and reporting requirements.

Author: Jennifer Martin and Alex Pennock
Date: 02/11/2015
Report Type: Report
Pages: 12


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Publication Cover CRS Comments on the Washington State Department of Commerce's Proposed Revisions to WAC 194-37-110, 194-37-120, and 194-37-210 Related to RPS Implementation
Comments in support of the proposed revisions clarifying that bundled or unbundled RECs must be used under all three methods for complying with the RPS and must be retired once they are claimed for compliance.

Author: Robin Quarrier
Date: 01/30/2015
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 2


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Publication Cover Scope 2 Greenhouse Gas Accounting for U.S. Renewable Energy
Guidance for accounting and reporting of renewable electricity in North America under the World Resources Institute's Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard for reporting of Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 01/09/2015
Report Type: Report
Pages: 6


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Publication Cover Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (SNOPR), Fossil Fuel‐Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings, Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0031
CRS expresses support for several requirements proposed in the SNOPR, responds to DOE concerns, and responds to certain specific requests for comment. Specifically: RECs are required for any renewable electricity usage claim, Off‐site renewable electricity usage and low‐cost options should be available to federal agencies, concerns with federal agencies' lack of control over off‐site renewable energy and generation at facilities generating unbundled RECs, concerns with the additionality of off‐site renewable energy and generation of unbundled RECs, concerns on the impact of purchasing off‐site renewable energy and unbundled RECs with respect to reductions in fossil fuel generation, and concerns with tracking and accounting of RECs.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 12/15/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 7


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Publication Cover UM 1690, the Implementation of HB 4126 - Voluntary Renewable Energy Tariffs (VRETs) Comments of Center for Resource Solutions (CRS) on Staff Models and Issues List
Comments by CRS on Oregon's HB 4126 - Voluntary Renewable Energy Tariff (VRET) proposal.

Author: Robin Quarrier
Date: 12/12/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 6


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Publication Cover Green-e Direct
A graphic 1-page description of the Green-e Direct option.

Author: CRS Staff
Date: 12/02/2014
Report Type: Other
Pages: 1


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Publication Cover 2013 Green-e Verification Report
In 2013 Green-e Energy certified retail sales of 33.5 million megawatt-hours (MWh), enough to power over a quarter of U.S. households for a month, or 1% of the total U.S. electricity mix. Over half of the installed wind capacity in the U.S. is participating in Green-e Energy certified transactions.

Author: CRS Staff
Date: 12/02/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 12


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Publication Cover Comments on the U.S. EPA's Clean Power Plan, Section 111(d)
CRS comments on the June 2014 Proposed Rule Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units (the Clean Power Plan "Proposed Rule"). The comments focus on integrating renewable energy (RE) and existing RE markets, instruments, and tracking systems into 111(d) compliance and state plans; accounting and potential double counting of emissions and reductions; interstate tracking of electricity and challenges for state compliance; tracking RE and avoided emissions; and verification, monitoring, enforcement and recordkeeping for RE.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 12/01/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 30


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Publication Cover REC Best Practices and Claims
An illustration of how renewable energy certificates (RECs) work to track ownership, best practices for using and claiming RECs, and a series of example claims for solar panel owners or leaseholders.

Author: Rachael Terada
Date: 10/17/2014
Report Type: Other
Pages: 1


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Publication Cover Protecting Carbon Markets From Boiler Room Activities: Overview and Recommendations for Market Participants
In 2010, reports of boiler rooms operating in carbon markets and selling emissions reduction credits (carbon offsets) as investments began to emerge out of the U.K. In 2013, CRS began work examining what investor protections are needed in carbon markets, particularly in voluntary OTC markets, and what practices market participants could adopt to regulate carbon investments and enhance protection against deceptive sales tactics. This report summarizes our recommendations, which are aimed at increasing consumer and investor protection, with broader climate policy and market-stability benefits.

Author: Todd Jones
Date: 09/02/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 10


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Publication Cover Tracking Renewable Energy for the U.S. EPA's Clean Power Plan: Guidelines for States to Use Existing REC Tracking Systems to Comply with 111(d)
Existing renewable energy certificate (REC) tracking systems hold promise as an enabler of 111(d) compliance with renewable resources such as solar and wind generation. REC tracking systems, together with state policies designed to increase the production and use of renewable electricity, will provide one key to helping states reduce the carbon intensity of their power sector.

Author: Robin Quarrier, David Farnsworth
Date: 06/25/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 12


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Publication Cover Explanation of Green-e Energy Double-Claims Policy
This document is intended to articulate Green-e Energy's standard approach to resolving questions and disputes regarding the eligibility of RECs for use in Green-e Energy certified transactions or products, when multiple parties have made statements related to the environmental attributes of the REC or underlying electricity.

Author: Green-e Energy Staff
Date: 06/23/2014
Report Type: Report
Pages: 9


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Publication Cover Comments From CRS to the Arizona Corporation Commission's Proposed Rulemaking to Modify Arizona's Renewable Energy Standard
CRS suggests changes to the proposed revision that will reduce the potential for double counting, including rejecting Track and Monitor and Track and Record, purchasing least cost RECs or kWh, creation of a maximum conventional energy requirement, the option of mandatory upfront incentives, and others

Author: Robin Quarrier, Jennifer Martin
Date: 04/21/2014
Report Type: Comment
Pages: 6


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